Body Composition

Body Fat

In The Clinic For Well People TV show we use a Tanita Body Composition Analyser. 

The body composition analyser uses advanced Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis technology. When you stand on a monitor, a very low, safe electrical signal is sent from four metal electrodes through your feet to your legs and abdomen to produce whole body composition measurements.

The electrical signal passes quickly through water that is present in hydrated muscle tissue but meets resistance when it hits fat tissue. This resistance, known as impedance, is measured and input into scientifically validated TANITA equations to calculate body composition measurements in under 20 seconds.

Here are some of the important measurements we get at The Clinic For Well People using the Tanita Composition Analyser.

Visceral Fat

Visceral Fat

Visceral fat is wrapped around major organs like the liver, pancreas and your kidney.

Visceral fat ensures that there is some distance between each organ. Too much visceral fat  can lead to inflammation and high blood pressure, which increases the risk of serious health problems. 

The Tanita body composition analyser can track visceral fat in your body. Based on all the available information it gives you a range between 1 and 59. A rating between 1 and 12 indicates that you have a healthy level of visceral fat. A rating between 13 and 59 indicates that you have an excessive level of visceral fat. 

A good indicator of having a high level of visceral fat, is a high BMI score(Body Mass Index) and a large waist. If you have both, chances are likely that you have a high level of visceral fat.

Basel Metabolic Rate - BMR

icon_basal-metabolic-rateBMR, is the amount of energy your body burns at rest on a daily basis.

In other words: It is the number of calories required to keep your body function while you are not doing any physical activities. BMR is strongly influenced by the amount of muscle you have. Increasing muscle mass increases your BMR, which increases the number of calories consumed and subsequently decreases the amount of body fat.

BMR can therefore be used to determine your minimum calorie intake, which can be adjusted based on your activities during the day.

Metabolic Age

icon_metabolic-ageAs people age, their metabolic rate changes.

Basal metabolism rises as a child matures and peaks at around 16 or 17, after this point it typically starts to decrease. A low BMR means you have to eat less calories in order to lose body fat and weight. 

The Metabolic age is calculated by comparing your Basal Metabolic Rate to the average BMR of your chronological age group. If your metabolic age is higher than your actual age, it’s a sign that you need to improve your metabolic rate. Increased exercise will build healthy muscle tissue, which in turn will improve your metabolic age. 

Body Mass Index BMI

icon_body-mass-index (1)BMI is the most well-known measurement of the level of fat in your body.

It is easy to calculate: just divide your weight by the square of your height. This provides you with a number which indicates whether you are underweight, at a normal weight, overweight or obese.

You don’t need a Body Composition Analyser to get your BMI Score. Here is an online calculator from the NHS. 

Body fat mass percentage

icon_body-water-percentageYour body fat percentage is essential to know when evaluating your health.

It divides your total weight in two categories: fat mass and everything else. You need fat to keep you warm and to protect your organs and joints. However, it is not healthy to have too much or too little fat. If your body fat percentage is too low, your resistance to diseases and energy levels are lower, and you are at risk of health issues. If your body fat percentage is too high, you have a higher risk of diabetes and other health problems. It is therefore important to measure your body fat percentage, and stay in the healthy range.

Total Body Water Percentage

icon_body-water-percentageThe body water percentage is the amount of fluid in the body, expressed as a percentage of the total body weight.

Water plays an important role in various body processes and is found in every cell, tissue and organ. A healthy body water percentage for women is between 45% and 60%. For men, it is between 50% and 65%.

To find out more about the measurements of the Tanita Body Composition Analyser click on the link below.